The Most Common Diabetic Signs – Types 1 & 2

Symptoms of Diabetes

signs-symptoms-diabetesDiabetes has risen in rampancy of late. From adults to children and from Africa, to Europe and America, this diseases has increased everywhere in the world at an alarming frequency. Therefore, perhaps even before discussing the major symptoms, it is very important to know what it is all about. When one suffers diabetes, it means that their cells are not getting enough glucose due to lack of insulin or due to the body cells become resistant to insulin. Diabetes means that your cells are not getting enough glucose.

What is Diabetes?

For your daily activities you need energy. This energy is mainly derived from carbohydrates. When we eat carbohydrates through our diet, sugar levels in our blood rises. If it increases beyond 180 mg/100 ml, sugar is excreted in urine. Generally insulin, a hormone produced by the beta cells of the pancreas, helps to utilize sugar for the production of energy by the body. It helps in glucose intake by the cells and prevents rise in blood sugar thereby maintaining its normal level. The signs of diabetes are either the pancreas cannot produce enough insulin or whatever produced is not effective in controlling sugar levels. Lack of effective insulin affects the metabolism of several nutrients which causes various ill effects.

Diabetic Causes, Symptoms and Suggestions

symptoms of diabetesThe most common symptoms are easy to tell. For example, if you are virtually live in the bathroom, you know, for frequent urination, you probably have diabetes. The kidneys are overwhelmed by the presence of too much glucose and therefore they draw a lot of water from the kidneys to try dilute the glucose for easy passing out. This means that the bladder is filled fast and therefore you are always rushing to the toilet. This also brings another generic symptom of diabetes.

Too much thirst, the urge to drink water also comes because of the kidneys drawing too much water from the blood to dilute the glucose. When your body does not have enough water, you feel the urge to drink water frequently. If you have been getting too thirsty of late, then that could be an indication of diabetes. If the thirst and the frequent urination go hand in hand, then there is no doubt about it.

Fast weight loss is also one of the symptom. When you start losing weight unexpectedly, you need to arrange an appointment with your doctor immediately. When glucose is not taken into the cells for energy provision, the cells look for alternative ways of functioning and this leads to the breakdown of muscle in the body. It starts with the fat and after the fat is gone, the body starts eating itself, so to speak for energy and soon, the sufferer looks emaciated and weak.

Another sign of diabetic symptom is that you feel weak and tired for no reason. The reason is that the cells do not get the glucose that they are supposed to get so that they can provide the body with energy for its daily activities.

There are other common indications of diabetes, though they can be confused with other ailments and that is why it is very important for one to go for a clinical diagnosis. For diabetes Type 1, they include blurred vision, slow healing of cuts and bruises, nausea, dry mouth, itching in the groin area and others. For type 2 diabetes, other symptoms include yeast infections, dry mouth, and vaginal infections for women, blurry vision and some of the major symptoms shown at the beginning of the article. Should you experience any or a combination of the aforementioned symptoms of diabetes, see the doctor ASAP.

How many Calories Should a Diabetic eat per day?

Diabetes is a disease which is so common that, in one form or another, we are all acquainted with someone who has the condition.  Along with cancer and heart conditions, diabetes is a disease which is shared by many, and is one of the most well-known diseases by the public at large.  For all of that, however, there are still many questions about the condition, particularly regarding what can and cannot be eaten as well as the proper daily calorie intake for a diabetes patient.

To begin with, for those who may not know, diabetes is caused by high glucose levels.  Type 1 diabetes results in the destruction of insulin, whereas Type 2 involves one’s body becoming immune to the insulin it naturally creates.  In either case, glucose levels need to be carefully monitored, and injections of insulin are needed.

When it comes to your daily caloric intake, there is no one right answer.  Rather, as with much of the condition, there are a great many factors which must be taken into account, including:

  • BODY SIZE: This is a rather common factor in dieting advice.  Simply put, different body sizes require different amounts of energy to move around.  Calories are, at their most basic, units of energy, so the amount you’ll need will depend greatly on your own body’s size and proportions.
  • AGE: There’s a section from Norton Juster’s children’s classic The Phantom Tollbooth wherein our hero Milo comes across a young boy, Alec Bings (“Who Sees Through Things”) who floats in the air at the height he’ll arrive at when he’s fully grown and his legs touch the ground.  Milo finds this odd—as one might be expected to do—and Alec, in turn, finds standing on the ground and growing upwards odd for, as he says, “things won’t look nearly the same at fifteen as they did at ten, and at twenty everything will change again.”  Like it or lump it, age and this changing perspective can play a big role in how many calories you consume per day, whether you’re diabetic or not—a growing boy or girl will need a different amount than a fully-grown adult, and an elderly person will need a different amount still.  Check with your doctor to ensure that your caloric intake is appropriate for your age.
  • HEIGHT AND WEIGHT: These may go without saying, and really do factor into the Age category above, but for what it’s worth, you will want to inform your physician of your height and weight as well.
  • ACTIVITY LEVEL: If you have a highly-active lifestyle, you’re naturally going to need more calories than if you live a sedentary life.
  • GENDER: Interestingly enough, gender does matter when it comes to calories, and while there’s no hard and fast rule to it, as a mere generalization, men typically require slightly more calories than do women.  However, this is, again, just a generalization.


Estimates vary depending on all these factors and what health authority you ask, but as a rule of thumb, you should never drop below 1200-1500 calories a day on average, and you should run into the 2000s as a fully-grown adult.  There are diets which fall all across that span, and some which even fall outside of it (albeit usually on the “over” side, since again, under 1200 calories is not advisable.)  If you are looking to lose weight, one pound is generally considered to be roughly equivalent to a couple hundred calories.  Even so, whether you’re looking to lose weight or simply want to maintain the weight and health you have, you should schedule an appointment and meet with your doctor to determine your optimal BMI and caloric intake as a diabetes patient.