The Most Common Diabetic Signs – Types 1 & 2

Symptoms of Diabetes

signs-symptoms-diabetesDiabetes has risen in rampancy of late. From adults to children and from Africa, to Europe and America, this diseases has increased everywhere in the world at an alarming frequency. Therefore, perhaps even before discussing the major symptoms, it is very important to know what it is all about. When one suffers diabetes, it means that their cells are not getting enough glucose due to lack of insulin or due to the body cells become resistant to insulin. Diabetes means that your cells are not getting enough glucose.

What is Diabetes?

For your daily activities you need energy. This energy is mainly derived from carbohydrates. When we eat carbohydrates through our diet, sugar levels in our blood rises. If it increases beyond 180 mg/100 ml, sugar is excreted in urine. Generally insulin, a hormone produced by the beta cells of the pancreas, helps to utilize sugar for the production of energy by the body. It helps in glucose intake by the cells and prevents rise in blood sugar thereby maintaining its normal level. The signs of diabetes are either the pancreas cannot produce enough insulin or whatever produced is not effective in controlling sugar levels. Lack of effective insulin affects the metabolism of several nutrients which causes various ill effects.

Diabetic Causes, Symptoms and Suggestions

symptoms of diabetesThe most common symptoms are easy to tell. For example, if you are virtually live in the bathroom, you know, for frequent urination, you probably have diabetes. The kidneys are overwhelmed by the presence of too much glucose and therefore they draw a lot of water from the kidneys to try dilute the glucose for easy passing out. This means that the bladder is filled fast and therefore you are always rushing to the toilet. This also brings another generic symptom of diabetes.

Too much thirst, the urge to drink water also comes because of the kidneys drawing too much water from the blood to dilute the glucose. When your body does not have enough water, you feel the urge to drink water frequently. If you have been getting too thirsty of late, then that could be an indication of diabetes. If the thirst and the frequent urination go hand in hand, then there is no doubt about it.

Fast weight loss is also one of the symptom. When you start losing weight unexpectedly, you need to arrange an appointment with your doctor immediately. When glucose is not taken into the cells for energy provision, the cells look for alternative ways of functioning and this leads to the breakdown of muscle in the body. It starts with the fat and after the fat is gone, the body starts eating itself, so to speak for energy and soon, the sufferer looks emaciated and weak.

Another sign of diabetic symptom is that you feel weak and tired for no reason. The reason is that the cells do not get the glucose that they are supposed to get so that they can provide the body with energy for its daily activities.

There are other common indications of diabetes, though they can be confused with other ailments and that is why it is very important for one to go for a clinical diagnosis. For diabetes Type 1, they include blurred vision, slow healing of cuts and bruises, nausea, dry mouth, itching in the groin area and others. For type 2 diabetes, other symptoms include yeast infections, dry mouth, and vaginal infections for women, blurry vision and some of the major symptoms shown at the beginning of the article. Should you experience any or a combination of the aforementioned symptoms of diabetes, see the doctor ASAP.

How to check diabetes yourself?

How to Check Diabetes Yourself

If you are suffering from the following types of symptoms:

  • Frequent urination
  • Increased Thirst levels
  • Increased hunger Levels
  • Unimaginable Weight loss
  • Tingling on your hands and Feet

When you visit your doctor, he/she will likely run tests to check whether you are ailing from diabetes. According to statistics carried out by the Centre of Disease Control and Prevention, in the United States alone, approximately 26 million children and adults (An average of 8-9% of the population) suffer from diabetes.

It gets worse, not all Americans are aware that they suffer from diabetes since there are no warning signs. For the purpose of confirming the diagnosis of Type 2 diabetes, your medical practitioner will call for a casual plasma glucose test or a fasting plasma glucose test.

Link between Diabetes and Fasting Plasma Glucose Test

The fasting plasma glucose check referred to as FPG is the most common and most sort after technique for diagnosing diabetes. This is a procedure that is a little less costly than other tests. Written below are ways you can prepare to undergo the test…

How Does One Prepare for The Blood Glucose exam?

Before you undergo the test, you will be prohibited from eating anything for a period of eight hours.

What Takes Place During the Blood Glucose Test?

When the test is underway, your blood will be drawn and will be sent to a lab for further analysis.

What Does The Blood Glucose Check Results Mean?

Under normal circumstances; fasting blood glucose or blood sugar is at levels that run from 70 to 100 milligrams per decilitre (Mg/DL) for persons not suffering from diabetes. The standard diabetes diagnosis is made after two distinct blood tests are prove that; fasting blood glucose levels are greater or are equal to 126Mg/dL.

That said however; if you have standard fasting blood sugar and your body is showing signs of diabetes or symptoms of diabetes, your doctor might very well decide to conduct a glucose tolerance test to make sure that you are not suffering from diabetes.

There are people that have a normal fasting blood sugar reading, however, their blood sugar increases rapidly as they consume food. These are people that might have impaired glucose intolerance. When and if the blood sugar levels are normal high, tests might show that they too have diabetes.

The Casual Plasma Glucose Check for Diabetes

The casual Plasma Glucose checks is the second method used for the diagnosis of diabetes. When the test in underway, blood sugar is checked without concern to the time since the person had their last meal. This is a test that doesn’t demand that you refrain from eating.

Glucose levels that are greater than 200 mg/dl may indicate diabetes more so if the test is repeated at a later time and produces results that are similar.

The Oral Glucose Tolerance Check for Diabetes

The third test often done is recognised as the Glucose Tolerance Check for diabetes. This is a test that is conducted during pregnancy as its main aim is to identify gestational diabetes for individuals suspected to suffer from type 2 diabetes but they have a regular fasting glucose level.

This is a test that can as well be performed for the diagnosis of pre-diabetes.

Inspection of blood sugar levels is something that is paramount for patients that are diabetic. Thankfully, the diabetic check is steered through a variation of means including; blood and urine.

Checking the blood sugar level is utmost important for a diabetic patient. The diabetes check is conducted through various means such as blood and urine.

Diabetes Symptoms

Primarily, there are 2 kinds of Diabetes. The symptoms however are alike in both cases. Listed below are the symptoms that help you know when it is time to check for diabetes…

  • You produce a lot of urine
  • You are always feeling thirsty
  • You are always feeling tired
  • You are heavy/obese
  • Your vision is blurry at times
  • You get infections very often
  • You suffer from cramps at night-time
  • Your feet and hands feel numb the feeling is recurrent
  • Your wounds heal slowly
  • You at times suffer from genital or thrush itching often
More Ways of Checking Blood Glucose Heights

Reading test Strips: Droplets of blood are harvested from the tip of your finger and is placed on attest zone. The zone is laden with chemicals that react with the glucose in the tester. The sugar concentration is later resolute by the changing colours.

Reading test strips is a test that is appropriate for individuals who don’t use insulin and constantly check their blood sugar levels. This is a helpful test for individuals who don’t like electric meters.

Blood Sugar Meter: This is an electric device used for the measurement of blood sugar glucose levels in your body. Droplets of blood are harvested from the tip of your finger and are inspected in a digital meter.

Progressive Blood Glucose Monitoring: This is test that determines the blood sugar levels every few minutes on a continuous basis.